Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Law (SJD)



First Advisor

Dr. Marc Santamaria

Second Advisor

Prof. Dr. Zakia Afrin

Third Advisor

Dr. Robert Frazier


The conceptual framework of “Sustainable Development,” with its three dimensions of economic growth, social development, and environmental protection, represents the result of several significant and far-reaching initiatives. On September 25, 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution A/RES/70/1, “Transforming Our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.” Resolution A/RES/70/1 propounded seventeen “Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets,” with a planned implementation date of 2030.

This study examines issues of sustainable development. It presents arguments that the framework of sustainable development, in its economic, social, and environmental dimensions, encompasses legally cognizable human rights, grounded in provisions and principles of the U.N. Charter and the International Bill of Human Rights, and informed by provisions and principles of major international instruments and declarations. This work presents a critical evaluation of the seventeen goals stated in Resolution A/RES/70/1.

In view of the immense scope of the tasks anticipated, and major delays hitherto experienced in implementation, it is suggested that the project be coordinated by an entity possessed of breadth of vision, and qualities of neutrality, independence, and unimpeachable integrity. In light of the possibility that issues raised may implicate the maintenance of international peace and security, it is suggested that an appropriate controlling and implementing agency be led by the Secretary-General of the U.N., supported by committees of experts in key functional areas.

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