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This article assesses the extent to which the concepts of climate proofing and climate policy coherence have found expression in continental natural resource regimes established in North America and Europe. The article first examines the recognition of these concepts within three North American crossborder regimes directly impacted by climate change: the Waters Treaty between Mexico and the United States; the Pacific Salmon Treaty between Canada and the United States; and the North American Waterfowl Management Plan between Canada, Mexico and the United States. Next it considers the extent to which these concepts are reflected in recent European initiatives related to water resources, transboundary watercourses and the Danube River Basin. The article concludes with a comparative assessment as to why the pace and scope of continental climate adaptation policy in North America and Europe has differed.