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It is proposed to divide this paper into two main parts. The first part will be concerned with a review of the philosophies that formerly underlined Nigeria's international activities, in other words, the foreign policy objectives enunciated by the country's leaders on the eve of independence in 1960. By so doing, it is intended to ascertain to what extent there has been a shift from old practices in the foreign policy of the country. The second part will attempt to analyze the statements and/or provisions concerning Nigerian foreign policy contained in the 1979 Presidential Constitution. Finally, an attempt will be made to recommend some positive measures which will help Nigeria seize and maintain the initiative in African affairs as well as make a significant impact on world affairs.