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Last year, Golden Gate presented "A Survey of Progressive Developments of International Law and Order since the events of 11 September 2001 ". This year, a further succession of events have taken place that warrant a fresh examination of "Recent Developments in International and Comparative Law on the Urgent Necessity for Feasible Alternatives to the Use of Force in Contemporary International Law." An imminent and impending threat of the preemptive use of force to prevent war and continuing deployment of forces poised to strike as if to demonstrate that the only plausible means to achieve the ultimate peace is to be prepared for the outbreak of hostilities. "Si vis pacem para bellum" appears to be the uncontested order of the day.

To broaden the horizon of our legal perspective, we should not relent in our effort to seek further internationalization of legal education in this country, the United States and in the Western Hemisphere. We should not stop shy of allowing and listening to the voices of the outside world beside our own.

Many new legal techniques have emerged since we last met here at Golden Gate University School of Law. New rules have come to be used for the first time: rules that would have seemed unthinkable before the events or rather the armed attacks against the United States on 11 September 2001. Existing rules of law as well as regulations have been revised, re-examined and even reversed in order the keep up with the march of time and the rapid succession of events following the armed attacks against the United States.


Paper presented at the Twelfth Regional Meeting of The American Society of International Law - Thirteenth Annual Fulbright Symposium on International Legal Problems at Golden Gate University School of Law, March 21, 2003.