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The events of 11 September 2001, which sent shock waves to the conscience of mankind the world over, have entailed other consequences unattended by perpetrators of the terrorist acts against the United States and little suspected by the international community at the time. To every action, there is a reaction. The wheel of international justice moves slowly but surely as it requires necessary accompaniments, especially the overwhelming support of the global community and the underlying rule of international law on the subject.

The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 set the stage for an accelerated pace in the progressive concretization of rules of international law on the topic of State Responsibility with particular regard to its application to the breach of the primary rule of international law governing international liability.


Presentation to the Eleventh Regional Meeting of the American Society of International Law, 12th Annual Fulbright Symposium on International Legal Problems, March 28, 2002.