First, this comment will examine the problems with the position-elimination defense as illustrated by Smith v. F. W. Morse & Co. Since some reorganization is necessary when an employee takes leave, allowing an employer to offer this reorganization effort as evidence of non-discriminatory intent creates a gap in Title VII protections. Next, the author will compare existing American federal family leave laws and European leave laws. The comment will then use California's landlord-tenant law as a prototype for proposing an amendment to existing maternity leave law that remedies the power distribution between dominant and subordinate individuals in a legal relationship.
Victoria R. Riede,
Employer Discrimination on the Basis of Pregnancy: Righting The Power Imbalance, 27 Golden Gate U. L. Rev.