In Timbs v. Indiana the Supreme Court considered whether the Eighth Amendment’s bar on “excessive fines” is incorporated against the states under the Fourteenth Amendment. Timbs v. Indiana addressed another persistent question that has appeared on bar exams for years: “What provisions in the Bill of Rights have not yet been 'incorporated' against the States?”
Sorkin, Daniel, "Eighth Amendment Protection in the 21st Century" (2019). GGU Law Review Blog. 64.