This article advises attorneys representing landlords in drafting exculpatory clauses in California where an exculpatory clause that does not include the word “negligence” protects a landlord only from liability for passive negligence, not for active negligence. Even a well-written exculpatory clause may not shield the landlord of liability in critical aspects.
Bernhardt, Roger, "Exculpatory Fairy Tales" (2005). Publications. 285.