The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued three landmark decisions in 2007 that addressed how copyright protections apply to images that can be accessed over the Internet. Internet publisher Perfect 10 initiated these lawsuits based on allegations that its registered copyrights were infringed when unauthorized copies of its photographs appeared on third-party websites where they could be viewed, downloaded, and purchased without payment to Perfect 10. This Article briefly summarizes the facts of these three cases, explains the central holdings of each decision, and then concludes with a discussion of the collective impact that the three decisions have on enforcement of copyrights in the Internet context and the policy reasons supporting the court's decisions.
Robert A. McFarlane,
The Ninth Circuit Lands a "Perfect 10" Applying Copyright Law to the Internet, 38 Golden Gate U. L. Rev.