Golden Gate University Law Review


This article looks at the efforts to control fishing by vessels flying flags of convenience from a global, regional, and national perspective. The international community has struggled for decades with notions of flag State control over fishing vessels and what kind of "genuine link" ought to exist between a vessel and its State of registry. Global instruments negotiated in the 1990's looked for ways to elaborate the broad principles laid out in international law up until that time. Regional fisheries management organizations stepped in and developed a broad suite of tools for combating IUU fishing in the fisheries under their purview. And individual nations have taken up efforts to exert control over vessels flying their flag and, in some cases, to assist others to do the same.