In Gotthardt v. National Railroad Passenger Corp. the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that front pay awards in Title VII cases are not subject to the compensatory damages caps stated in 42 U.S.C. § 1981a (b)(3). This was an issue of first impression in the Ninth Circuit. Other circuits had decided the issue and were split. The Ninth Circuit joined the majority of the federal circuits in holding that front pay awards are not subject to the section 1981a caps.
Jennifer T. DeWitt,
Employment Discrimination - Gotthardt v. National Railroad Passenger Corp, 30 Golden Gate U. L. Rev.