Intrauterine devices (IUDs)! have been linked to a wide variety of injuries to women, ranging from severe cramping, to spontaneous abortion, to sterility, to death. This Comment will focus on the problem of proving that scarring of the fallopian tubes, resulting in sterility or partial sterility, is causally linked to use of the IUD, and therefore, a provable element in a plaintiff's cause of action against a manufacturer for such injuries.
Leslie Ellen Tick,
Beyond the Dalkon Shield: Proving Causation Against IUD Manufacturers for PID Related Injury, 13 Golden Gate U. L. Rev.