In the United States, the environmental justice movement began with a focus on the inequitable burden of toxic exposures placed on low-income minority residents. There is now an increasing recognition that low-income minority residents also often face inequitable access to environmental amenities such as open space, parks and wilderness. Access to Parkland: Environmental Justice at East Bay Parks examines questions of equity for low-income minority residents related to the parkland holdings of the East Bay Regional Park District, the agency that manages close to 100,000 park acres in Alameda and Contra Costa counties east of San Francisco Bay.
Kibel, Paul Stanton, "Access to Parkland: Environmental Justice at East Bay Parks" (2007). Environmental Law and Justice Clinic. Paper 2.